From Medicinal Plants Usage
Template:Italic title Template:Taxobox Cephalanthera rubra, known as Red Helleborine,<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> is an orchid found in Europe, North Africa and southwest Asia. Although reasonably common in parts of its range, this Cephalanthera has always been one of the rarest orchids in Britain.
Distribution and habitat
The Red Helleborine is found throughout most of Europe, east to the Urals and as far as 60 degrees north. It is however rare in Britain, the Low Countries and western France. It also occurs in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia and in various parts of southern Asia as far east as Iran.<ref>Template:Cite book </ref><ref name="puck">Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families</ref><ref>Altervista Flora Italiana, Cefalantera rossa, Red Helleborine, Cephalanthera rubra </ref>
Red Helleborine is a very rare plant in Britain. It is found only at the following sites:
- Workman's Wood, Sheepscombe, Gloucestershire<ref name="NBN">Species distribution map for Cephalanthera rubra, NBN Gateway, retrieved 25 February 2010</ref><ref>Kitchen, Clare, Mark A. R. Kitchen and Ian Carle (2008) Stephen Bishop's New Flora of Gloucestershire Part 2: the distribution maps The Gloucestershire Naturalist No. 14 Gloucestershire Naturalists ' Society, page 232</ref><ref>Fisher, John (1991) A colour guide to rare wild flowers ISBN 0-09-470780-4 Constable books, London</ref>
- Hawkley Warren, Hampshire,<ref name="NBN"/> where it was first found in 1986.<ref>Rose, F. and A. Brewis (1988) Short notes: Cephalanthera rubra in Hampshire Watsonia 17: 176-77</ref>
- Windsor Hill SSSI, a woodland just to the east of Princes Risborough in the Chilterns, Buckinghamshire<ref name="NBN"/><ref>Ratcliffe, D. A. (1977) A Nature Conservation Review Volume 2. Site Accounts p. 53 ISBN 0-521-21403-3</ref>
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the species was recorded from single sites in Somerset, Sussex and Kent, and a second Hampshire site (in the upper Test Valley). The species was also recorded at additional Gloucestershire sites (including Stanley Wood, King's Stanley, now a Woodland Trust woodland), and persisted at some of these into the 1970s.
- Species page from Britain's Orchids
- Species page from the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew
- Images of Red Helleborine from ARKive
- Distribution map
- This page was last modified on 18 February 2016, at 09:17.
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