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Chamaemelum nobile


Chamaemelum nobile commonly known as chamomile (also spelled camomile), Roman chamomile,<ref name=umaryland>Template:Cite web</ref> English chamomile,<ref name=umaryland/> garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile, mother's daisy or whig plant,<ref name=Lim>T. K. Lim Template:Google books</ref> is a low perennial plant found in dry fields and around gardens and cultivated grounds in Europe, North America, and in Argentina. C. nobile is, along with Matricaria chamomilla, an important source of the herbal product known as chamomile.<ref name=umaryland/>


Chamaemelum nobile has daisy-like white flowers and procumbent stems; the leaves are alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous. The solitary, terminal flowerheads, rising Template:Convert above the ground, consist of prominent yellow disk flowers and silver-white ray flowers. The flowering time in the Northern Hemisphere is June and July, and its fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous.<ref name="S&S">Template:Cite book</ref>


The word chamomile, and the genus name Chamaemelum come from the Greek χαμαίμηλον (chamaimēlon), "earth-apple",<ref>Chamaimelon, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus</ref> from χαμαί (chamai), "on the ground" + μήλον (mēlon), "apple", so-called because of the apple-like scent of the plant. (Note: The "ch-" spelling is used especially in science and pharmacology.)

Non-medicinal use

Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) essential oil in clear glass vial

Template:Main The plant is used to flavor foods, in herbal teas, perfumes, and cosmetics.<ref name="S&S" /> It is used to make a rinse for blonde hair, and is popular in aromatherapy; its practitioners believe it to be a calming agent to reduce stress and aid in sleep.

It can also be used to create a fragrant camomile lawn. A chamomile lawn needs light soil, adequate moisture, and sun in order to thrive. Each square meter contains 83-100 plants. The lawn is only suitable to light foot traffic or in places where mower access is difficult.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

Medicinal use

It can be applied directly to the skin for pain and swelling, but there is no good evidence it has any beneficial effect.<ref name = nihcam>Template:Cite webTemplate:PD-notice</ref>

The appropriate dose of Roman chamomile depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough information to determine an appropriate range of doses for Roman chamomile. It is not recommended to take orally during pregnancy as it can cause uterine contractions and miscarriage.<ref>Template:Cite webTemplate:PD-notice</ref> It is not known if Roman chamomile interacts with any medications. There are no known interactions with other herbs and supplements. There are no known interactions with foods.<ref name = nihcam/>

Other names

Anthémis, Anthémis Odorante, Anthemis nobilis, Babuna Ke Phool, Camomille d’Anjou, Camomille Noble, Camomille Romaine, Chamaemelum nobile, Chamomilla, Chamomile, Chamomillae Ramane Flos, English Chamomile, Fleur de Camomille Romaine, Flores Anthemidis, Garden Chamomile, Grosse Kamille, Ground Apple, Huile Essentielle de Camomille Romaine, Low Chamomile, Manzanilla, Manzanilla Romana, Ormenis nobilis, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil, Romische Kamille, Sweet Chamomile, Whig Plant.<ref name = nihcam/>




External links

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