Login Logout
Jump to: navigation, search

Cnicus

(Redirected from Cnicus benedictus)

Template:Redirect Template:Italic title Template:More citations needed Template:Speciesbox

Cnicus benedictus (St. Benedict's thistle, blessed thistle, holy thistle or spotted thistle), is a thistle-like plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region, from Portugal north to southern France and east to Iran. It is known in other parts of the world, including parts of North America, as an introduced species and often a noxious weed. It is the sole species in the monotypic genus Cnicus. Other species once included in the genus have largely been reclassified to Cirsium, Carduus, and Centaurea.

Growth

It is an annual plant growing to 60 cm tall, with leathery, hairy leaves up to 30 cm long and 8 cm broad, with small spines on the margins. The flowers are yellow, produced in a dense flowerhead (capitulum) 3–4 cm diameter, surrounded by numerous spiny basal bracts.

The related genus Notobasis is included in Cnicus by some botanists; it differs in slender, much spinier leaves, and purple flowers. Template:Clear

Medicinal uses

It has sometimes been used as a galactogogue to promote lactation.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The crude extracts contain about 0.2% cnicin. It is also a component in some bitters formulas.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref>

In Shakespeare's comedy Much Ado About Nothing, this thistle, in tincture form, is recommended for a cold.

Edibility

These thistles are not considered edible, unlike Cirsium, Arctium and Onopordum species; the leaves are considered unpalatable if not bitter.

19th century illustration

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:Commons

Template:Taxonbar