Login Logout
Jump to: navigation, search

Genista tinctoria

Template:Italic title Template:Taxobox

Genista tinctoria (dyer’s greenweed<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> or dyer's broom) is a species of flowering plant of the family Fabaceae. Its other common names include dyer's whin, waxen woad and waxen wood.

Distribution and habitat

This species is native to meadows and pastures in Europe and Turkey.<ref name=botanical>Template:Cite web</ref>

Description

It is a variable deciduous shrub growing to Template:Convert tall by Template:Convert wide, the stems woody, slightly hairy, and branched. The alternate, nearly sessile leaves are glabrous and lanceolate. Golden yellow pea-like flowers are borne in erect narrow racemes from spring to early summer. The fruit is a long, shiny pod shaped like a green bean pod.<ref name=RHSAZ>Template:Cite book</ref>

Properties and uses

Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use, of which 'Royal Gold' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref><ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

The plant, as its Latin and common names suggest, has been used from ancient times for producing a yellow dye, which combined with woad also provides a green colour.<ref name=botanical/>

It was from this plant that the isoflavone genistein was first isolated in 1899; hence the name of the chemical compound. The medicinal parts are the flowering twigs.

The plant has been used in popular medicine and herbalism for various complaints, including skin diseases, even in modern times.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref><ref>Template:Cite book</ref><ref>Template:Cite book</ref>

Gallery

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:TaxonbarTemplate:Faboideae-stub Template:Asbox