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Geranium robertianum

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Geranium robertianum, (syn. Robertiella robertiana) commonly known as Herb-Robert,<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> Red Robin, Death come quickly, Storksbill, Dove's Foot, Crow's Foot, or (in North America) Robert Geranium, is a common species of cranesbill native to Europe and parts of Asia, North America, and North Africa.

Contents

Description

It grows as a procumbent to erect annual or biennial plant, up to 50cm high, producing small, pink, five-petalled flowers (8-14 mm in diameter)<ref name=Stace>Template:Cite book</ref> from April until the autumn. The leaves are deeply dissected, ternate to palmate,<ref name=Stace/><ref name=Blamey>Template:Cite book</ref> and the stems often reddish; the leaves also turn red at the end of the flowering season. The plant has little root structure.Template:Citation needed

Distribution

It is common throughout Great Britain and Ireland in woodland, hedgerows, scree and maritime shingle.<ref name=Stace/> Its main area of distribution is western Europe from the north Mediterranean coast to the Baltic.[1] It has been introduced into many other temperate parts of the world, probably through its use as an ornamental plant, such as in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. Geranium robertianum grows at altitudes from sea level to Template:Convert in Teesdale, England and above Template:Convert in parts of mainland Europe on calcareous alpine screes.<ref name=Tofts>Template:Cite journal</ref>

In the state of Washington, it is known as Stinky Bob and classified as a noxious weed.Template:HarvTemplate:Harv

Uses

In traditional herbalism, Herb Robert was used as a remedy for toothache and nosebleeds<ref>Template:Cite book</ref> and as a vulnerary(used for or useful in healing wounds.) <ref name=Milliken>Template:Cite book</ref> Freshly picked leaves have an odor resembling burning tires when crushed, and if they are rubbed on the body the smell is said to repel mosquitoes.<ref name=Milliken/> The active ingredients are tannins, a bitter compound called geraniin, and essential oils. It was carried to attract good luck, and due to its analogical association with storks, to enhance fertility.Template:Citation needed

References

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File:Geranium robertianum buds.jpg
Geranium robertianum flower buds
Geranium robertianum

External links

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  • This page was last modified on 18 February 2016, at 09:15.
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