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Golden samphire


The golden samphire (Limbarda crithmoides) is a perennial coastal species, which may be found growing on salt marsh or sea cliffs across western and southern Europe and the Mediterranean.<ref>Tela Botanica, Inule fausse criste, Limbarda crithmoides (L.) Dumort. in French, with photo and French distribution map</ref><ref>Altervista Flora Italiana, Enula bacicci, Golden Samphire, Limbarda crithmoides includes photos and European distribution map</ref><ref>Malta Wild Plants, Comprehensive profile for Inula crithmoides</ref><ref>Flowers in Israel, Limbarda crithmoides, Inula crithmoides, Jacobaea crithmoides, Eritheis maritima, Golden samphire, בן-טיון בשרני , طيون ملحيطيون ملحي</ref><ref>National Biodiversity Network, Natural History Museum, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Inula crithmoides L. [Golden-samphire] includes links plus distribution map for United Kingdom and Irish Republic</ref>

Golden samphire has a tufted habit, and the plant may grow up to 1 m tall. It has narrow fleshy leaves and large flower heads, with six yellow ray florets which may be up to 15 cm across. The flowers are self-fertile (able to pollinate themselves) and may also be pollinated by bees, flies and beetles.

Young leaves may be eaten raw or cooked as a leaf vegetable.<ref name="The Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe">The Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe published by Collins 1974</ref>

Subspecies<ref name=fanni/>
  • Limbarda crithmoides subsp. crithmoides
  • Limbarda crithmoides subsp. longifolia (Arcang.) Greuter



External links

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