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Goodyera repens

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Goodyera repens, an orchid in the genus Goodyera, is called by the common name creeping lady's-tresses in Anglophone Europe<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> and dwarf rattlesnake plantain or lesser rattlesnake plantain in North America.

It is a green underground creeper that sends out occasional skinny stems above the surface. During the summer, these stems bear flowers arranged in a spiral. These flowers twist themselves to face toward the sun.

Goodyera repens is found in isolated spots in the forests and bogs of Europe. It is a rare plant, but it is the most common orchid in Scandinavia. The species is widespread across much of Europe, Asia and North America including Russia, China, Germany, Poland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, though never very common in any of these places.<ref name="babcia">Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families</ref><ref>Flora of North America, v 26 p 516, Goodyera repens </ref><ref>Flora of China v 25 p 48, 小斑叶兰 xiao ban ye lan, Goodyera repens </ref>

Goodyera repens is a protected species throughout most of its range. It does not survive fire, and does not soon reenter an area after fire or logging. It is generally found only in forests at least 95 years old.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

Like other orchids, Goodyera repens' lives in symbiosis with a mycorrhiza, a rhizome-dwelling fungus (Ceratobasidium cornigerum or Rhizoctonia goodyearae-repentis). The mycorrhiza helps the orchid absorb and assimilate nutrients.

This orchid is pollinated by bumblebees, allowing for its sexual reproduction. It can also reproduce vegetatively.

The seeds are probably the smallest of any plant.Template:Citation needed



External links


  • National Biodiversity Network (UK) Grid map
  • Creeping ladies tresses species profile [1]