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Gypsophila muralis - Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Login Logout
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Gypsophila muralis

Template:Italic title Template:Taxobox

Gypsophila muralis (annual gypsophila, cushion baby's-breath, low baby's-breath) is an annual plant of the Caryophyllaceae family, principally native to Europe except the British Isles. It can be also found in Central Asia, Turkey, the Caucasus, and Siberia.

Description

It is an annual,<ref name=Magnolio>Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors)Template:Google books</ref> with erect glabrous (non hairy) stems. It grows up to Template:Convert tall, with linear shaped leaves. It blooms between summer and fall, with pink or very occasionally white flowers, which are Template:Convert across. Later it has fruit capsules, which are ovoid or ellipsoid,<ref name="efloras">Template:Cite web</ref> inside are snail-shaped seeds.<ref name=Magnolio/>

Taxonomy

Illustration from Hoffmann-Dennert botanischer Bilderatlas in 1911

It was formerly described by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in his seminal publication 'Species Plantarum' on page 408 in 1753.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref><ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

It was once confused with Petrorhagia saxifraga' (L) Link.<ref name=Magnolio/>

The Latin specific epithet muralis is derived from the Latin word meaning 'growing on the wall'.<ref>Archibald William Smith Template:Google books</ref>

It has the common names of 'annual gypsophila',<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> 'cushion baby's-breath', 'low baby's-breath'.<ref name="efloras"/><ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

Distribution and habitat

It is native to temperate regions of Europe and Asia, and tropical Pakistan.<ref name="Grin">Template:Cite web</ref>

Range

It is found in Asia, within Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Siberia and Pakistan. In eastern Europe, it is found within Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine. In middle Europe, it is in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia and Switzerland. In northern Europe, in Finland and Sweden. In southeastern Europe, within Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and Turkey. Lastly, it is found in southwestern Europe, it is found in France and Spain.<ref name="Grin"/>

It has naturalized in many parts of Asia, including China and Japan, as well as parts of North America, from Canada (Ontario and Quebec) and in the United States (within Connecticut, District of Columbia, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont and Wisconsin).<ref name="Grin"/>

Habitat

Grows on non-calcerous soils in eastern North America.<ref name=Magnolio/>

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References

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