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Hamamelis vernalis

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Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witchhazel)<ref>Template:PLANTS</ref> is a species of witch-hazel native to the Ozark Plateau in central North America, in Missouri, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.<ref name=fna>Template:EFloras</ref>


It is a deciduous large shrub growing to 4 m tall, spreading by stoloniferous root sprouts. The leaves are oval, Template:Cvt long and Template:Cvt broad, cuneate to slightly oblique at the base, acute or rounded at the apex, with a wavy-toothed or shallowly lobed margin, and a short, stout petiole Template:Cvt long; they are dark green above, and glaucous beneath, and often persist into the early winter. The flowers are deep to bright red, rarely yellow, with four ribbon-shaped petals Template:Cvt long and four short stamens, and grow in clusters; flowering begins in mid winter and continues until early spring (the Latin word Template:Lang means "spring-flowering").<ref name=RHSLG>Template:Cite book</ref> The fruit is a hard woody capsule Template:Cvt long, which splits explosively at the apex at maturity one year after pollination, ejecting the two shiny black seeds up to Template:Cvt distant from the parent plant. Although often occurring with the related Hamamelis virginiana, it does not intergrade, and can be distinguished by its flowering in late winter (December to March in its native range), not fall.<ref name="fna"/><ref name="fna2">Template:EFloras</ref>

New foliage, spent flowers

Cultivation and uses

H. vernalis is valued in cultivation for its strongly scented flowers appearing in late winter, when little else is growing. Several cultivars have been selected, mainly for variation in flower color, including 'Carnea' (pink flowers), 'Red Imp' (petals red with orange tips), and 'Squib' (vivid yellow flowers).<ref name=fna/><ref name=rhs>Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan Template:ISBN.</ref>

References

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External links

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