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Melica uniflora

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Melica uniflora, commonly known as wood melick, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae that is native to much of Europe, and to parts of South West Asia and North Africa.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

Contents

Description

The species rhizomes are elongated. The culms are Template:Convert long with leaf-blades being of Template:Convert in length and Template:Convert wide. The leaf-blade bottom is pubescent, rough and scaberulous. It has an open panicle which is both effuse and elliptic and is Template:Convert long and Template:Convert wide. The main branches have 1–6 fertile spikelets which are located on lower branches which are also scaberulous. Spikelets do ascend and have pedicelled fertile spikelets. Pedicels are Template:Convert long and are straight. The fertile floret lemma is both chartaceous and elliptic and is Template:Convert long. Lower glumes are oblong and are Template:Convert in length. Flowers have 3 anthers which are Template:Convert long with the fruits being Template:Convert long. The fruits are also ellipsoid and have an additional pericarp with linear hilum.<ref name=kew>Template:Cite web</ref>

Taxonomy

Swedish naturalist Anders Jahan Retzius described the wood melick in 1779.

Distribution and habitat

The species can be found in such Asian countries as Iran and Turkey and in European ones such as Balearic Islands, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Moldova, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden. Also it was recorded in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.<ref name=herbarium>Template:Cite journal</ref>

Ecology and habitat

The species is growing on plains and on elevation of Template:Convert in the Black Forest and on elevation of Template:Convert in Alps. It can be found in hardwood forests near Fagus species. It is also grows in dry and moist woodlands, which can either be acidic or neutral. Sandy or rocky soils are also common for such plants, but they need to be deep and loany as well. It grows on loamy soils in the north, while prefers decalcified soils in the south. The species is identical to Fagatalia which can be found in the Fagetum lowlands and also in the Carpinion. It is rarely occurs in the Quercion clusters. Flowers bloom from May to July. Mostly ants feed on the species caryopsis.<ref name=herbarium/>

Melica uniflora in culture

In the 19th century it was engraved on the illustration by Jacob Sturm in the book Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen which was published in Nuremberg in 1862.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

References

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  • This page was last modified on 22 February 2016, at 10:34.
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