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Melilotus indicus

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Melilotus indicus - MHNT

Melilotus indicus, sometimes incorrectly written Melilotus indica, is a yellow-flowered herb native to northern Africa, Europe and Asia, but naturalized throughout the rest of the world.

Common names in English include sweet clover (or sweet-clover), sour clover (sour-clover, sourclover), Indian sweet-clover, annual yellow sweetclover, Bokhara clover, small-flowered sweet clover, common melilot, small-flowered melilot, small melilot, sweet melilot, Californian lucerne and Hexham scent. In Australia and New Zealand, where it is naturalised, it is sometimes called King Island melilot or King Island clover.<ref name="GRIN">Template:GRIN</ref><ref name="MMPND">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=APNI>Template:Cite web</ref>



It is an annual or biennial herb from 10 to 50 centimetres (4-20 inches) in height (rarely to one metre), with yellow flowers.<ref name="FloraBase 4085">Template:FloraBase</ref>Similar to Melilotus altissima Thuill. in general. The flowers are 2 - 3 mm long they produces a hairless pod of similar length.<ref>Webb, D.A., Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. 1996. An Irish Flora. Dundalgan Press Ltd., Dundalk. ISBN 0-85221-131-7</ref>


It was first published as Trifolium indicum by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 Species plantarum. It was transferred into Melilotus by Carlo Allioni in 1785.<ref name="APNI 61411">Template:APNI</ref>

Distribution and habitat

It has a wide native distribution, ranging from Macaronesia and northern Africa, through Europe, and into temperate and tropical Asia. It is naturalised throughout most of the rest of the world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, South America, Australia and New Zealand.<ref name="GRIN"/>

Uses and economic importance

It is used as a source of nectar for bees, as forage, and as a soil improver. It is also used in folk medicine. It is poisonous to some mammals, and is a potential seed crop contaminant.<ref name="GRIN"/>



External links

  • This page was last modified on 18 February 2016, at 08:19.
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