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Ophrys umbilicata


Ophrys umbilicata is a species of orchid found from Albania to Iran, including Greece, Israel, Turkey and Cyprus.<ref name="SQ">http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/namedetail.do?name_id=141875</ref>


Ophyrys umbilicata is a perennial, erect, glabrous herb, 10–20 cm high. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, thick, narrowly elliptic with parallel nerves. Flowers spirally arranged on top of the shoot, sepals 10-15 x 6–9 mm, petals small. Labellum broader on other half 9–12 mm, 3-dentate on the apex, purple-blackish. Flowers March–April. Fruit a capsule. Habitat garigue, Maquis and open pine woodlands at 0–600 m altitude.<ref>The Endemic Plants of Cyprus, Texts: Takis Ch. Tsintides, Photographs: Laizos Kourtellarides, Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters, Bank of Cyprus Group, Nicosia 1998, Template:ISBN</ref>


At present (May 2014), 7 subspecies are recognized:<ref name="SQ"/>

  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. beerii Shifman - Israel
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel - Turkey and the Greek islands
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. calycadniensis Perschke - Turkey
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. flavomarginata (Renz) Faurh. - Cyprus, Syria, Israel
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. lapethica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Faurh. - Cyprus
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. latakiana (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen - Turkey, Syria
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. umbilicata - from Albania to Iran



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