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Viola canadensis

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Viola canadensis is more commonly known as Canadian white violet, Canada violet, tall white violet, or white violet. It is widespread across much of Canada and the United States, from Alaska to Newfoundland, south as far as Georgia and Arizona.<ref>Template:BONAP</ref>

Viola canadensis bears white blooms with yellow bases and sometimes streaks of purple. The petals are purple tinged on the backside. The leaves are heart-shaped, with coarse, rounded teeth.<ref>Template:Cite book</ref><ref>Template:Cite book</ref><ref>Spach, Édouard 1836. Histoire Naturelle des Végétaux. Phanérogames 5: 517 description and commentary in French, as Lophion canadense</ref>

Subspecies and Varieties<ref name=soufflegirl/>
  • Viola canadensis var. canadensis
  • Viola canadensis subsp. canadensis
  • Viola canadensis var. rugulosa (Greene) C.L. Hitchc.
  • Viola canadensis subsp. scopulorum (A. Gray) House

Conservation status in the United States

It is listed as endangered in Illinois, Maine, and New Jersey, as threatened in Connecticut, and having a historical range in Rhode Island.<ref>Template:PLANTS</ref>


The South Ojibwa use a decoction of the root for pains near the bladder.<ref>Hoffman, W.J., 1891, The Midewiwin or 'Grand Medicine Society' of the Ojibwa, SI-BAE Annual Report #7, page 201</ref>



External links