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Viola lanceolata

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Viola lanceolata,<ref>Template:IPNI</ref> commonly known as lance-leaved violet or bog white violet,<ref name="plantpage">Template:Cite web</ref> is a small group of stemless white-flowered violets. It is an ornamental plant in the Violaceae family, part of the genus Viola. It gets its name from its lanceolate leaf shape and from the habitats in which it thrives.

Distribution

Viola lanceolata originates from North America and can be found in many states in the United States and in Canada. Its native status is L48 (N), CAN (N), and SPM (N).<ref name="Viola lanceolata L.">Template:PLANTS</ref>

Habitat and ecology

Viola lanceolata can be found growing in bogs, swamps, wet meadows and along shores in sandy soil. It is a perennial plant that blooms between May and June.<ref name="Minnesota">Template:Minnesota Wildflowers</ref> Viola lanceolata frequently hybridizes with northern white violet (Viola macloskeyi) to form primrose-leaved violet (Viola primulifolia). It grows in similar habitats but has leaves intermediate between lance shaped and the typical heart-shaped violet leaves of northern white violet.<ref name="species at risk">Template:Cite web</ref>

Morphology

The overall plant is Template:Cvt tall and has narrow, lance-shaped leaves. These leaves are sometimes wider in the summer than in the spring and have generally smooth surfaces. Its stem is smooth and slender. Its flower contain 5 white pedals located at the top of the stalk. The bottom three petals typically have purple veins. This plant spreads with root-like structures that grow over the surface of the ground (stolons).<ref name="species at risk" /> Its growth habit is a forb/herb.<ref name="Viola lanceolata L."/>

Fruits

The fruit that it bears are green elliptical shaped capsules about a quarter-inch long containing many small round seeds that ripen to dark brown.<ref name="Minnesota"/>

References

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External links

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