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Viola nephrophylla


Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet, Leconte violet, or kidney leaved violet) syn. Viola nephrophylla Greene f. albinea (Farw.), Viola pratincola Greene, Viola retusa Greene ) is an annual or perennial forb in the Violet family (Violaceae) native to North America.<ref name= rob>Template:Cite web</ref>

Viola nephrophylla was named by Edward Lee Greene in 1896 from specimens he collected near Montrose, Colorado. The species name, nephrophylla, is from the Greek for "kidney shaped leaves".<ref>Template:Southwest Colorado Wildflowers</ref>

Conservation status within the United States

It is listed endangered in Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio, as threatened in New Hampshire,<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> and as a special concern in Connecticut.<ref>Template:Cite web (Note: This list is newer than the one used by plants.usda.gov and is more up-to-date.)</ref>

Native American ethnobotany

Template:See also The Ramah Navajo use the plant as a ceremonial emetic.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref>