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Viola praemorsa


Viola praemorsa is a species of violet known by the common names canary violet,<ref name=plants>Template:Cite web</ref> Astoria violet,<ref name=jeps>Template:Cite web</ref> and yellow montane violet.


This rhizomatous perennial herb grows up to 30 centimeters in maximum height. The thick, fleshy leaf blades are lance-shaped to oval with pointed or rounded tips, the basal ones up to 8.5 centimeters long and those higher on the stem the same or slightly longer. The leaf blades are often coated densely in hairs and are borne on long petioles. A solitary flower is borne on a long, upright stem. It has five yellow petals, the lowest three veined with brownish purple, and the upper two often with brownish purple coloring on the outer surfaces.<ref name=jeps/>

Distribution and habitat

Viola praemorsa is native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta in Canada; to Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, California, Nevada, and Colorado in the U.S.<ref name=plants/> It occurs on mountain slopes, usually where forests or grassy meadows are present, in moist or dry soil.<ref name=jeps/> In California, it often occurs in yellow-pine forests.<ref name=jeps/>



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