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Wahlenbergia hederacea

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Wahlenbergia hederacea, also known as the ivy-leaved bellflower,<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> is a species of flowering plant that is found throughout Europe. The delicate, patch-forming, hairless perennial herb has thin, creeping stems about 20 cm in length. Its pale green leaves are long-stalked and have an ivy-shaped, rounded structure. These leaves can be described as having a cordate shape and are approximately 5–12 mm long and wide. The plant has erect, solitary, pale blue flowers in summer and autumn,<ref>Template:Cite book</ref> with bell-shaped corolla with 5 short lobes.<ref name=":0">Template:Cite book</ref> The flowers are 6–10 mm long x 5–8 mm wide<ref>The Wild Flower Key, British Isles N.W. Europe, Francis Rose, WARNE, Published by the Penguin Group, 1991 reissue, Template:ISBN</ref> and sit on fine stalks 1–4 cm long. It is suggested that the long pedicels are an adaptation to assist in seed dispersal.<ref name=":1">Template:Cite journal</ref>

Habitat

Wahlenbergia hederacea is found in cool, moist and boggy, partially-shaded areas,<ref name=":0" /> typically with acidic soils, such as woodlands, streams, pastures, heaths and beside rivulets. The plant thrives in short-grassed areas beside streams, with moist, acidic soils, and is almost never found in basic soils and stagnant water.<ref name=":2">Template:Cite journal</ref> They usually occur in small, scattered groups. The abundance of the ivy-leaved bellflower has been declining throughout the 1900s due to the loss of their habitat.<ref name=":1" />

Distribution

Wahlenbergia hederacea is native to Europe and commonly found in Southern England, and Wales,<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> but also in North West England, Western Scotland, Ireland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Western Germany, Spain, and Portugal.<ref name=":2" />

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