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Trifolium wormskioldii

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Trifolium wormskioldii is a species of clover.<ref name=tnc>Trifolium wormskioldii. The Nature Conservancy.</ref> Its common names include cows clover,<ref>Template:PLANTS</ref> coast clover, sand clover, seaside clover, springbank clover,<ref name=grin>Template:GRIN</ref> and Wormskjold's clover.<ref name=tnc/>

This plant native to the western half of North America from Alaska, through California, to Mexico. It grows in many locales, from beaches to mountain ridges, below about Template:Convert in elevation.<ref name=jeps>Jepson T. wormskioldii</ref>

Habitats it grows in include chaparral, oak woodland, grassland, yellow pine forest, red fir forest, lodgepole forest, subalpine forest, and wetlandriparian

Description

Trifolium wormskioldii, a legume. is a perennial herb sometimes taking a matlike form, with decumbent or upright stems. The leaves are made up of leaflets measuring 1 to 3 centimeters long. The lower stipules are tipped with bristles and the upper stipules may be toothed.

The rounded inflorescences are 2 or 3 centimeter wide. The sepals are bristle-tipped. The corollas are pinkish purple or magenta with white tips.<ref name=jeps/>

Uses

Many Native American groups of western North America used this clover for food. The herbage and flowers were eaten raw, sometimes salted. The roots were commonly steamed or boiled and eaten with fish, fish eggs, and fish grease.<ref name=eth>Trifolium wormskioldii. Native American Ethnobotany. University of Michigan, Dearborn.</ref>

This species is host to the caterpillar of the Western cloudywing butterfly (Thorybes diversus).<ref name=but>Thorybes diversus. Butterflies and Moths of North America.</ref>

Etymology

The species was given its scientific name in honour of the Danish botanist Morten Wormskjold.<ref name=calflora>Charters, M. L. "wormskioldii". California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations.</ref>

References

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External links

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