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Annona reticulata

Template:Use dmy dates Template:Stack begin Template:Speciesbox Template:Nutritional value Template:Stack end Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae.<ref name="NRCS">Template:Cite web</ref> It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name it shares with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola<ref name="GRIN-cherimola">Template:GRIN</ref> and A. squamosa<ref name="GRIN-squamosa">Template:GRIN</ref> or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. The flavor of the fruit is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of A. cherimola.

Description

It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching Template:Convert to Template:Convert tall with an open, irregular crown.<ref name="purdue">Template:Cite web</ref>

Custard apple for sale at a fruit vendor near Sangareddi, Telangana, India
Stems and leaves
The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), Template:Convert to Template:Convert long and Template:Convert to Template:Convert wide.<ref name="purdue"/>
Flowers
The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four Template:Convert to Template:Convert diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones.<ref name="purdue"/>
Fruits and reproduction
The fruits varies in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. The size ranges from Template:Convert to Template:Convert, depending on the cultivar. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste.<ref name="purdue"/> The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard.

Distribution and habitat

Possibly a native of the Caribbean<ref name="aluka"/> and Central America,<ref name="GRIN"/> Annona reticulata is now pantropical<ref name="aluka"/> and can be found growing between altitudes of Template:Convert to Template:Convert in areas of Central America that have alternating seasons.<ref name="purdue"/> It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa.

Cultivated and naturalized<ref name="aluka">Template:Cite journalTemplate:Dead link</ref> in many parts of the world including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, and Africa.

Native
Nearctic:
Central Mexico: Veracruz
Neotropic:
Central America: Belize, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
Caribbean: The Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, Cuba
Northern South America: Guyana, Venezuela
Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay<ref name="GRIN"/><ref name="BI">Template:Cite web</ref>

References

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External links

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