Template:Use dmy dates Template:Stack begin Template:Speciesbox Template:Nutritional value Template:Stack end Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae.<ref name="NRCS">Template:Cite web</ref> It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name it shares with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola<ref name="GRIN-cherimola">Template:GRIN</ref> and A. squamosa<ref name="GRIN-squamosa">Template:GRIN</ref> or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. The flavor of the fruit is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of A. cherimola.
- Stems and leaves
- The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), Template:Convert to Template:Convert long and Template:Convert to Template:Convert wide.<ref name="purdue"/>
- The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four Template:Convert to Template:Convert diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones.<ref name="purdue"/>
- Fruits and reproduction
- The fruits varies in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. The size ranges from Template:Convert to Template:Convert, depending on the cultivar. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste.<ref name="purdue"/> The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard.
Distribution and habitat
Possibly a native of the Caribbean<ref name="aluka"/> and Central America,<ref name="GRIN"/> Annona reticulata is now pantropical<ref name="aluka"/> and can be found growing between altitudes of Template:Convert to Template:Convert in areas of Central America that have alternating seasons.<ref name="purdue"/> It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa.
- Central Mexico: Veracruz
- Central America: Belize, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
- Caribbean: The Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, Cuba
- Northern South America: Guyana, Venezuela
- Brazil: Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
- Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Paraguay<ref name="GRIN"/><ref name="BI">Template:Cite web</ref>
- Dr. Kiran Kharat article - Induction of mitochondria mediated apoptosis in human breast cancer cells (T-47D) by Annona reticulata L. leaves methanolic extracts
- Custard apple with pictures of the fruit and the tree
- Prospects and potential of fatty acid methyl esters of some non-traditional seed oils for use as biodiesel in India
- Purdue Crop Index page
- Template:Cite web
- Template:Cite web