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Barleria prionitis

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Barleria prionitis (Sanskrit kuranta; Marathi vjradanti (वज्रदंती), Template:Lang-ta; Tagalog: kukong manok),<ref>Various Indian names in Pharmacographia Indica. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in British India, William Dymock, C. J. H. Warden & David Hooper, 1893.</ref> also known as the porcupine flower, is a species of plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to India, Sri Lanka and Eastern Southern and Central Africa.

It is used for various medicinal purposes in ayurvedic medicine. The juice of the leaves is applied to feet to prevent maceration and cracking in the monsoon season.<ref name="PI">Pharmacographia Indica. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in British India, William Dymock, C. J. H. Warden & David Hooper, 1893.</ref>

Barleria prionitis is often the host to larvae of the Phalanta phalantha and Junonia lemonias butterflies. Its leaves are known to contain 6-Hydroxyflavone, one of the chemical compounds that is a noncompetitive inhibitor of the protein cytochrome P450 2C9.<ref>Medicinal plants. Chemistry and properties, Dr. M. Daniel, 2005.</ref>

Culture

Known as "ක‍ටු කරදු - katu karandu" in Sinhala.

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