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Carduus crispus

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Carduus crispus, the curly plumeless thistle<ref>Template:PLANTS</ref> or welted thistle,<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> is a biennial herb in the daisy family Asteraceae. It is native to Europe and Asia.

Distribution

The plant is found from Southwestern Europe, through Scandinavia and Siberia, to Eastern Asia.<ref name=dvf>Template:Cite web</ref><ref>Template:GRIN</ref>

Uses

Plant with seed heads.
Foliage and flowers.
Pollination by Bombus lapidarius

Wildlife

The species and genus is a favorite food plant of caterpillars of the painted lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui), which derives its specific epithet, cardui, from their preference for Carduus thistles. It is also used by bees for honey production.

Medicinal

Extracts from this plant have been found to have anti-cancer properties,Template:Medcn the main one of which being crispine B.

It is said to hold restorative and anodyne properties in its roots.Template:Medcn

Invasive species

Carduus crispus is an introduced species in North America, and a noxious weed in several U.S. states, including West Virginia.<ref>USDA . accessed 4.8.2013</ref>

References

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