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Carex pulicaris


Carex pulicaris, the flea sedge, is a species of sedge in the genus Carex native to Europe.


Carex pulicaris is a small sedge, with stiff stems Template:Convert tall.<ref name="Jermy">Template:Cite book</ref> The leaves are Template:Convert long and less than Template:Convert wide.<ref name="Jermy"/> The inflorescence comprises a single spike, with 3–10 female flowers towards the base, and male flowers towards the tip.<ref name="Jermy"/><ref name="Skye">Template:Cite web</ref> As the utricles mature, they bend away from the spike axis and become sensitive to touch; the way the seeds appear to jump from the stem gives rise to the plant's vernacular name.<ref name="Jermy"/> Before the utricles have become deflexed, C. pulicaris closely resembles C. rupestris, with which it often grows.<ref name="Jermy"/> It may also be confused with C. pauciflora, which usually bears only 2–3 fruit per stem.<ref name="Skye"/>

Distribution and ecology

Carex pulicaris is found across much of Europe, from Spain to Estonia and north to Iceland and Fennoscandia, but excluding the Mediterranean region.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> It grows in a variety of wet habitats, including bogs, fens and wet flushes.<ref name="Stace">Template:Cite book</ref>


Carex pulicaris was first described in Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Template:Lang. It is not known to hybridise with any other species.<ref name="Jermy"/>



External links