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Daphne gnidium

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Daphne gnidium (commonly known as the flax-leaved daphne) is a poisonous evergreen shrub from the Mediterranean region with narrow, dense dark-green foliage and white fragrant flowers.

Description

Daphne gnidium is characterized by upright branches that grow Template:Convert tall. The dense lanceolate leaves are dark green with sticky undersides. It bears white fragrant flowers in late spring or early summer. The fruits are drupes and are round and red, about Template:Convert in diameter. They are produced during autumn.<ref name="W11">Template:Cite webTemplate:Dead link</ref> <ref name="aW1">Template:Cite web</ref>

Habitat

Daphne gnidium grows well in sandy loam. They are commonly found in fields, woodlands, garrigues, and hillsides. They are native to the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea (Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East).

Toxicity

Daphne gnidium contains the toxins mezerein and daphnetoxin. All parts of the plant are considered highly poisonous. Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis <ref name="W21">Template:Cite web</ref>

Chance of death is small yet probable within 6 hours after direct consumption. At least severe anabolic and indigestive reactions are expected (which may also trigger lethal allergic reactions).Template:Citation needed

References

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