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Descurainia sophia



Descurainia sophia is a member of the mustard family.<ref name = TPL>Template:ThePlantList</ref> Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard.<ref name=GRIN>Template:GRIN</ref> It reproduces by seeds. It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta.<ref>http://www.agric.gov.ab.ca/soil/survey-reports/ab11/ab11_report.pdf Wyatt, Newton, Bowser and Odynsky, 1942. Soil Survey of Blackfoot and Calgary Sheets</ref> Its stem is erect, branched, and Template:Convert high.<ref>Flixweed</ref> It was once given to patients suffering from dysentery and called by ancient herbalists Sophia Chirurgorum, "The Wisdom of Surgeons".<ref>botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Mustards</ref> It is the type species of the genus Descurainia and of the rejected genus Sophia Adans.<ref>Index Nominum Genericorum</ref><ref>Tropicos</ref>

Culinary use

In Iran, the seeds are called khak-e shir (khakshir), and khak-e shir drinks are mostly known as thirst quencher during hot summer days.


In German, it is called the Sophienkraut and associated with Saint Sophia of Rome, who was invoked against late frosts.<ref>Template:BBKL</ref>