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Dianthus armeria


Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink or grass pink<ref name=ROM>Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum, p. 234.</ref>) is a species of Dianthus ("pink") native to most of Europe, from Portugal north to southern Scotland and southern Finland, and east to Ukraine and the Caucasus.<ref name=fe>Flora Europaea: Dianthus armeria</ref><ref name=dvf>Den Virtuella Floran: Dianthus armeria (in Swedish, with maps)</ref><ref name=blamey>Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Template:ISBN</ref> It is also found in North America.<ref name=ROM/>

It is a herbaceous annual or biennial plant growing to 60 cm tall. The leaves are hairy, dark green, slender, up to 5 cm long. The flowers are 8–15 mm diameter, with five petals, bright reddish-pink; they are produced in small clusters at the top of the stems from early to late summer.<ref name=blamey/><ref name=fnwe>Flora of NW Europe: Dianthus armeria</ref>

It will grow in the worst, leached out soils (up to 12" tall), although it will grow taller in good soil with adequate water. D. Armeria is not native to the US, but it does well in the wild without being dominant, in the temperate areas. The blooms close up in the afternoon.

Cultivation and uses

Seeds of Dianthus armeria

It is widely grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Populations have been introduced to and have become naturalised in New Zealand and much of North America.<ref>USDA Plants Profile: Dianthus armeria</ref> Deptford Pink is also sometimes called mountain pink, but this may refer to several different species.



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