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Erythronium dens-canis


Erythronium dens-canis, the dog's-tooth-violet<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> or dogtooth violet, is a bulbous herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Liliaceae, growing to Template:Convert. It is native to central and southern Europe from Portugal to Ukraine.<ref>Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families</ref> It is the only naturally occurring species of Erythronium in Europe. Despite its common name, it is not closely related to the true violets of genus Viola.<ref name=RHSAZ>Template:Cite book</ref>


Erythronium dens-canis produces a solitary white, pink or lilac flower at the beginning of spring. The petals (growing to approx. 3 cm) are reflexed at the top and yellow tinted at the base. The brown spotted leaves are ovate to lanceolate and grow in pairs. The white bulb is oblong and resembles a dog's tooth, hence the common name "dog's tooth violet" and the Latin specific epithet dens-canis, which translates as "dog's tooth".<ref name=RHSLG>Template:Cite book</ref><ref>Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 305.</ref>


Erythronium dens-canis is found in damp, lightly shaded settings such as deciduous woodland. It is also widely cultivated and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>


Its leaves may be consumed raw in salad, or boiled as a leaf vegetable. The bulb is also the source of a starch used in making vermicelli.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

Varieties formerly included<ref name=urula/>

Numerous names have been coined at the varietal level for plants once considered to be included within Erythronium dens-canis. None of the European varieties is now recognized as meriting recognition but some of the Asian species are now regarded as distinct species.



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