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Ferula tingitana

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Ferula tingitana (the giant Tangier fennel) is a species of the Apiaceae genus Ferula. Despite the name, the plant is not a type of fennel proper, which belongs to another genus (Foeniculum).

Ferula tingitana is a tall perennial herb. It has alternate leaf arrangement and yellow, unisexual flowers which, like other Apiaceae, grow in umbels. It grows in scrubland (batha and phrygana) and rocky areas.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Its range is the Mediterranean coast, in Spain, Morocco, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Cyprus, and Turkey.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> <ref>Template:Cite web</ref> In the 1980s there was chemical interest in esters and ethers extracted from it.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref><ref>Template:Cite journal</ref><ref>Template:Cite journal</ref>

This species has been considered to have abortive and menstruation-inducing properties.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref> The species has been suggested as a possible identity for the controversial silphium, a plant used as a spice and for various medical purposes in classical antiquity in the Mediterranean region.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref> Among the many uses of silphium was promoting menstruation, and possibly contraceptive or abortifacient properties, which has been suggested to link it to Ferula.