From Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
Heracleum persicum, commonly known as Golpar (Template:Lang-fa) or Persian Hogweed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to Iran. It grows wild in humid mountainous regions in Iran, as well in some adjacent areas. Having been introduced in the 1830s, it is now very common in northern Norway, where it is known as the Tromsø palm.<ref> Template:Citation </ref> The plant has also been spotted in Jönköping, Sweden.Template:Citation needed
The seeds are used as a spice in Persian cooking. The very thin, small seedpods are aromatic and slightly bitter. They are usually sold in powdered form and are often erroneously sold as "Angelica Seeds." The powder is sprinkled over broad beans, lentils and other legumes and on potatoes. Golpar is also used in soups and stews. It is often used sprinkled over pomegranate seeds.<ref>Template:Cite web </ref> Golpar is also mixed with vinegar into which lettuce leaves are dipped before eating.
Golpar can be used in small amounts (1 or 2 tsp per pound) when cooking beans to reduce the effect of gas in the digestive tract associated with consuming beans.<ref>Gas in the Digestive Tract</ref>Template:Failed verificationTemplate:Dubious
The tender leaves and leaf stalks are also pickled (known as golpar toraei, Template:Lang-fa).
- Heracleum, the genus
- Other Europe invasive species Heracleum mantegazzianum and Heracleum sosnowskyi
- Native Europe hog weeds Heracleum sphondylium and Heracleum sibiricum (Heracleum sphondylium subsp. sibiricum)
- Species that can be mistaken for tall invasive hogweeds Wild Parsnip, Garden Angelica, Wild Angelica
- Analysis of the Oil of Heracleum persicum L. (seeds and stems)
- Heracleum persicum, Heracleum glabrescens Template:Fa icon
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