Hyacinthoides italica, the Italian bluebell or Italian squill, is a spring-flowering bulbous perennial plant belonging to the family Asparagaceae.<ref>International Plant Names Index</ref><ref>Biolib</ref>
It is one of around 11 species in the genus Hyacinthoides, others including the common bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) in northwestern Europe, and the Spanish bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica) further west in the Iberian Peninsula.<ref>Template:Citation, search for "Hyacinthoides"</ref>
Hyacinthoides italica is up to Template:Convert tall. The stem is leafless. It has 3-6 basal lance-shaped leaves, Template:Convert wide and Template:Convert long. The inflorescence is a dense, conical or pyramid-like raceme with 5-30 bright violet-blue star-like flowers. The flowers have two narrow bracts. Flowering period extends from February to May.<ref>Acta Plantarum</ref><ref>Den virtuella floran</ref><ref>PIGNATTI S., 1982. Flora d'Italia, Edagricole, Bologna</ref>
It is in some respects intermediate between the common and Spanish species in having slender leaves (as in H. non-scripta or even slenderer), but a dense raceme of flowers (as in H. hispanica; not sparse and one-sided as in H. non-scripta).
It can be found in olive groves, in dry and stony meadows and in clearings of forests at an elevation up to Template:Convert above sea level.
Illustration from The Botanical Magazine, Plate 663
- Huxley, A. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening vol. 2: 604. Macmillan.