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Ilex cassine


Ilex cassine is a holly native to the southeastern coast of North America, in the United States from Virginia to southeast Texas, in Mexico in Veracruz, and in the Caribbean on the Bahamas, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. It is commonly known as dahoon holly<ref name=grin/> or cassena, the latter derived from the Timucua name for I. vomitoria.<ref name="Austin">Template:Cite book</ref>

It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 10–13 m tall. The leaves are evergreen, 6–15 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, glossy dark green, entire or with a few small spines near the apex of the leaf. The flowers are white, with a four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a red drupe, 5–6 mm in diameter, containing four seeds.<ref name=flh>Florida Department of Environmental Protection: Florida's Hollies Template:Webarchive</ref><ref name=rhs>Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan Template:ISBN.</ref><ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

As with other hollies, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Only the females have berries, and a male pollenizer must be within range for bees to pollinate them.

There are three varieties:<ref name=grin/>

  • Ilex cassine var. cassine (United States, Caribbean)
  • Ilex cassine var. angustifolia Aiton. (United States)
  • Ilex cassine var. mexicana (Turcz.) Loes. (Mexico)


Ilex cassine is grown in warmer climates as an ornamental plant for the attractive bright red berries set against the glossy green leaves. It is known to grow to 30 feet tall. Its original range was close to the coast, but the range has been extended by planting.



External links

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