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Mimusops elengi

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The ripe fruit has many traditional uses.

Mimusops elengi is a medium-sized evergreen tree found in tropical forests in South Asia, Southeast Asia and northern Australia. English common names include Spanish cherry,<ref name=Hortus>Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.</ref> medlar,<ref name=Hortus/> and bullet wood.<ref name=bio>Template:Cite web</ref> Its timber is valuable, the fruit is edible, and it is used in traditional medicine. As the trees give thick shade and flowers emit fragrance, it is a prized collection of gardens.<ref name=india>Template:Cite web</ref>

Its flower is the provincial flower of Yala Province, Thailand.<ref>ประวัติ จังหวัด ยะลา-Yala Province</ref>

Tree description

Flowers in Hyderabad, India
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Flowers are made into garlands

Bullet wood is an evergreen tree reaching a height of about Template:Convert. It flowers in April, and fruiting occurs in June. Leaves are glossy, dark green, oval-shaped, Template:Convert long, and Template:Convert wide. Flowers are cream, hairy, and scented. Bark is thick and appears dark brownish black or grayish black in colour, with striations and a few cracks on the surface. The tree may reach up to a height of Template:Convert with about Template:Convert in circumference.

Ayurvedic uses

The bark, flowers, fruits, and seeds of Bakula<ref name=natural/> are used in Ayurvedic medicine in which it is purported to be astringent, cooling, anthelmintic, tonic, and febrifuge. It is mainly used for dental ailments such as bleeding gums, pyorrhea, dental caries, and loose teeth.<ref name=natural>Template:Cite web</ref>Template:Unreliable source?

Other uses

  • The edible fruit is softly hairy becoming smooth, ovoid, bright red-orange when ripe.
  • The wood is a luxurious wood that is extremely hard, strong and tough, and rich deep red in color. The heartwood is sharply defined from the sapwood. It works easily and takes a beautiful polish. Density is 1008 kg per cubic meter.


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Further reading