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Typha angustifolia

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Typha angustifolia L. (also lesser bulrush,<ref name=BSBI07>Template:Cite web</ref> narrowleaf cattail<ref>Template:PLANTS</ref> or lesser reedmace) is a perennial herbaceous plant of genus Typha. This cattail is an "obligate wetland" species that is commonly found in the northern hemisphere in brackish locations.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The plant's leaves are flat, very narrow (¼"-½" wide), and 3'-6' tall when mature; 12-16 leaves arise from each vegetative shoot. At maturity, they have distinctive stalks that are about as tall as the leaves; the stalks are topped with brown, fluffy, sausage-shaped flowering heads. The plants have sturdy, rhizomatous roots that can extend 27" and are typically ¾"-1½" in diameter.<ref name=Rook>Template:Cite web</ref><ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

It has been proposed that the species was introduced from Europe to North America.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref> In North America, it is also thought to have been introduced from coastal to inland locations.<ref>Template:Cite journal The link is to a preprint of the published article; see p. 46.</ref>

Typha angustifolia, habitus

The geographic range of Typha angustifolia overlaps with the very similar species Typha latifolia (broadleaf or common cattail). T. angustifolia can be distinguished from T. latifolia by its narrower leaves and by a clear separation of two different regions (staminate flowers above and pistilate flowers below) on the flowering heads.<ref name=Rook /> The species hybridize as Typha x glauca (Typha angustifolia x T. latifolia) (white cattail); Typha x glauca is not a distinct species, but is rather a sterile F1 hybrid.<ref>Template:Cite journal</ref> Broadleaf cattail is usually found in shallower water than narrowleaf cattail.Template:Citation needed

Culinary use

Several parts of the plant are edible, including during various seasons the dormant sprouts on roots and bases of leaves, the inner core of the stalk, green bloom spikes, ripe pollen, and starchy roots.<ref>Template:Cite book</ref><ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The edible stem is called bồn bồn in Vietnam.photo

References

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External links

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